LINUX.EXTON.NET 2015 

ExTiX 15.1 64 bit Linux Live DVD

 

About ExTiX Linux


Requirements

Intel-compatible CPU (64-bit), 1024 MB of RAM, a bootable DVD drive (IDE/ATAPI, Firewire, USB or SCSI), a standard SVGA-compatible graphics card, and a standard serial or PS/2 mouse, or IMPS/2-compatible USB Mouse.

 

Other considerations

Disclaimer: This is experimental software. Use at your own risk. Under no circumstances may C A Exton or Linux.Exton.Net be held liable for damage to hardware or software, lost data or other damage.

 

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What is ExTiX 15.1 live 64 bit?

 


ExTiX Linux Live DVD 64 bit (two versions) is based on Debian Jessie/Ubuntu 14.10. The original system includes the Desktop Environment Unity (Ubuntu). After removing Unity I have installed Gnome 3.14 (in ExTiX 15.1, build 150104) respectively Razor-qt 0.5.2 (in ExTiX Light, build 150105). The system language is English in both versions of ExTiX.

NEWS ABOUT ExTiX 15.1 build 150104
1. ExTiX Gnome is now based on Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn. Gnome has been upgraded to version 3.14. (Not in Ubuntu's repositories). All packages have been updated to the latest version by 150104. Kernel 3.16.0-21-exton is used. (Kernel.org's kernel 3.16.4).
2. Google Chrome is included, which makes it possible to watch Netflix movies. It is not possible in Firefox (in Linux).
3. I have also installed BlueGriffon Web Editor. BlueGriffon is a new WYSIWYG content editor for the World Wide Web. Powered by Gecko, the rendering engine of Firefox, it's a modern and robust solution to edit Web pages in conformance to the latest Web Standards. Only to be compared with Dreamweaver. (In my opinion).

NEWS about ExTiX Light 150105

My lighter version of ExTiX is also based on Ubuntu 14.10 Utopic Unicorn. It uses Razor-qt as Desktop Environment, Slim as Login Manager and kernel 3.16.0-21-exton, equivalent to Kernel.org’s stable kernel 3.16.4, released 141005. (Razor-qt is an advanced, easy-to-use, and fast desktop environment based on Qt technologies. It has been tailored for users who value simplicity, speed, and an intuitive interface). All packages in ExTiX Light 15.1 have been updated to the latest available stable versions as of January 5, 2015. Google Chrome is included, which makes it possible to watch Netflix movies. It is not possible in Firefox (in Linux). My info/instructions below also apply to ExTiX Light. I.e. just log in as root (with password root) or extix (with no password) from Slim's login screen to Razor-qt.

What's so special about ExTiX?
1. The ExTiX ISO (both versions) is a ISO-hybrid, which means that it can very easily be transferred (copied) to a USB pen drive. You can then even run ExTiX from the USB stick and save all your system changes on the stick. I.e. you will enjoy persistence! I've found two scripts which make the installation to USB very simple. My tests show that they work flawlessly on USB installations of all normal Ubuntu systems. Read my INSTRUCTION how to use the scripts.
2. Another big improvement is that ExTiX (both versions) can run from RAM. Use Boot alternative 3 (Copy to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. You'll need at least 2 GB RAM to run ExTiX that way.
3. ExTiX is now more stable than ever. All packages have been upgraded to the latest version by 150104 respectively 150105.
4. It is now possible to install Nvidia's proprietary drivers in ExTiX if you want or need it. Please read this instruction.
5. I've also installed version 2.1.5 of Vlc (in version 150105 of ExTiX) from source to make it possible to run Vlc when logged in as root.
6. I've replaced kernel 3.16.0-5-exton with kernel 3.16.0-21-exton (Kernel.org's kernel 3.16.4) in both versions of ExTiX.
7. The installation program Ubiquity (live installer) is now working as intended in both versions of ExTiX. I.e. a new user (your user) will be created during the installation process.

Used KERNEL
My special kernel 3.16.0-21-exton corresponding Kernel.org's kernel 3.16.4.


Feature OVERVIEW for the Linux 3.16 kernel

Program content etc.
Among many other programs AbiWord, Firefox, Thunderbird, GParted, Brasero, Vlc (in version 150105), Gimp and win32 codecs. In addition Java and all necessary additions in order to install programs from source (in version 150105). All programs have been updated to the latest available stable version as of January 4, 2015 respectively January 5, 2015.

Passwords

There is no password for the ordinary user extix. The password for root is root. When logged in as extix you can use Sudo to become root. (Command: sudo su). If you want to log in to Gnome 3.14/Razor-qt as root you can do so. Sign in as root with password root. Click first on "Not listed?" on GDM's login screen (in ExTiX build 150104).

Compatibility 

A general truth: If an original system can run on a particular computer an "Exton remaster" of the same original system can run on the same computer. I never change a Linux system for the worse in terms of auto configuration and hardware detection, etc. It happens that I replace the original kernel, but always to a "better" one with even more native support for various hardware etc. (Which I have done in this cases).

Differences
One big difference in ExTiX though: There is a password for root (and you can log in as root to Gnome and/or Razor-qt). After installation to hard drive ExTiX otherwise will behave exactly as any other Ubuntu system. You can even remove root's password (if you want). Command (as root): passwd root -l. Or change it with passwd root.

Installation to hard drive
Note that you in advance (just in case) should create a partition of at least 8 GB for ExTiX and a SWAP space double the size of your computer's RAM. Ie if you have RAM of 1024 MB or less. If you have RAM of 2 GB or more it's enough with a SWAP space of 2 GB. The installation program in ExTiX is otherwise "intuitive". Choose manual partitioning and select the partition you created in advance for installation.
SAFE INSTALLATON: Do not change language/locale from default English during installation. NOTE re. ExTiX build 150104 and 150105: If you want to add respositories with a command (for example: sudo apt-add-repository ppa:kubuntu-ppa/backports) you'll have change the first line in /etc/lsb-release to "DISTRIB_ID=Ubuntu".

USB installation
Read my instruction.

Change of locale/language
After a hard drive installation you can (of course) change the default language (English) settings. Login as root and go to System Settings >> Locale Support and install necessary language packages. Apply your settings System-Wide. Then edit /root/.bashrc and change at the bottom of that file en_US.UTF-8 to sv_SE.UTF-8 or your preferred language. Restart your computer and everything should be in your choosen language.

Create new users via System Settings
Go to Applications >> System Tools >> System Settings >> User Accounts. Click Unlock and give the root password. Add a new user with the plus sign.
This is something you can to do after a hard drive install. You can alternatively create a new user with the command adduser MyUser (as root). NOTE: In both present versions of ExTiX a new user (your user) is created as intended during the installation process.

Changing the root password
If you install ExTiX to hard drive you should immediately (for security reasons) manually change root's password. This is because the installation program does not ask about a new root password. (Ubuntu original uses no root password). The root password is changed by running the command sudo passwd root. After installing ExTiX to hard drive, you can alternatively remove the root password altogether. This is done with the command sudo passwd root -l.


DOWNLOAD
The ISO files (extix-15.1-64bit-isoh-persistent-925mb-150104.iso and extix-15.1-64bit-light-razorqt-usb-persistent-1420mb-150105.iso) can be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society's server.


ExTiX 64 bit Gnome and ExTiX Light 64 bit (with Razor-qt) can also be downloaded from SourceForge.net - Fast, secure and free downloads from the largest Open Source applications and software directory.

A third download location for ExTiX is Softpedia.com - the encyclopedia of free software downloads!

md5sum for ExTiX 15.1 Gnome ISO which is of 925 MB.

md5sum for ExTiX 15.1 Light ISO which is of 1420 MB.

How do I run ExTiX?
In order to start from the DVD disc, first adjust the boot list in the BIOS Setup of your computer to boot from CD/DVD (before the hard drive). Put the DVD in and restart the computer. This Boot screen/menu will show after a reboot. Choose Boot alternative 1 (live), Boot alternative 2 (Persistent) or Boot alternative 3 (Copy to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. (If you choose Boot alternative 3). You'll need at least 2 GB RAM to run ExTiX from RAM. You will run ExTiX as the ordinary user extix or as root. Root's password is root. There is no password for Live Session User extix. (That is for build 150104 and 141019 and of ExTiX. In previous versions of ExTiX the password for live is live). ExTiX (both versions) can also be installed to hard drive. The program is very easy to use. Be sure to have one install partition of about 8 GB ready in advance though. You can first test to run ExTiX live (from DVD or USB) and then start Ubiquity from the menu (Install ExTiX). Or run sudo ubiquity in order to start the installation. I.e. when logged in as the ordinary user extix.

Internet connection
Normally, just start NetworkManager and do your settings. It pops up a box that alerts you that there is a Wireless network to join. Just insert your WAP/WEP password and connect! You can check which Wireless interface is correct by running the command iwconfig. Maybe your Ethernet interface is eth1 or eth2 (instead of eth0). Then change in NetworkManager's Preferences and press Refresh! In ExTiX Light you'll have start NetworkManager by clicking on the icon in the upper panel.

How do I install and remove programs?
ExTiX/Ubuntu/Debian uses Apt/Synaptic. The most important commands are apt-get update, apt-get upgrade and apt-get install program-name. You can read about package management with Apt HERE. Apt/Synaptic works extremely well. You can also install programs in ExTiX from source using the commands 1) ./configure --prefix=/usr 2) make 3) make install.


CD/DVD-label for ExTiX

 



Other EXTON Linux Live CD/DVD's in
English you may like

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Screenshot of the standard live Desktop - ExTiX 15.1 with Gnome 3.14


See also a screenshot of root's Gnome 3.14 Desktop



ExTiX's boot menu


Screenshot of the live Desktop in ExTiX 15.1 Light with Razor-qt 0.5.2





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EXTON distributions: The number of Exton distributions has decreased from 66 (all time high in June 2011) to 14. See a complete LIST. It was a bit too much for me to keep 66 distributions up to date. All Exton distributions on the Swedish Linux Society's FTP Server can be reached HERE. All exton distributions in English (English locale) can also be dowloaded from SourceForge.net.