NEWS ABOUT ExTiX 15.1.1 KDE build 150221
In this version/build I have replaced Unity/Ubuntu with KDE 4.14.4 (latest) and KDE Frameworks 5.7.0. KDE Frameworks are 60 addon libraries to Qt which provide a wide variety of commonly needed functionality in mature, peer reviewed and well tested libraries with friendly licensing terms. All common KDE packages are installed- packages LIST. I have added LibreOffice (the whole suite), Google Chrome (to make it possible to watch Netflix movies), Samba (so you can reach your Windows shares) and GCC and other compilation tools (so that you can install packages from source). Kernel 3.19.0-5-exton is used. The system language is English.
WHAT’S SO SPECIAL about ExTiX and especially version 150221 and 150205?
1. The ExTiX ISO is a ISO-hybrid, which means that it can very easily be transferred (copied) to a USB pen drive. You can then even run ExTiX from the USB stick and save all your system changes on the stick. I.e. you will enjoy persistence! I’ve found two scripts which make the installation to USB very simple. My tests show that they work flawlessly on USB installations of all normal Ubuntu systems. Read my INSTRUCTION how to use the scripts.
2. Another big improvement is that ExTiX can run from RAM. Use Boot alternative 3 (Copy to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. You’ll need at least 2 GB RAM to run ExTiX that way. Running from RAM means that the system will run faster than from DVD or USB stick. Everything will be superfast I would say!
3. ExTiX is now more stable than ever. All packages have been upgraded to the latest versions by 150221 and 150205.
4. I’ve replaced kernel 3.16.0-21-exton with kernel 3.19.0-5-exton and 3.18.0-10-exton ( stable kernel 3.19.0/3.18.3).
5. The installation program Ubiquity (live installer) is now working as intended. I.e. a new user (your user) will be created during the installation process.
There is no password for the ordinary user extix. The password for root is root. When logged in as extix you can use Sudo to become root. (Command: sudo su). ExTiX uses SDDM and Slim Login Managers. After boot you will end up in X/KDE as the ordinary user extix. You can log in as root with password root via Slim but not via SDDM.
A general truth: If an original system can run on a particular computer an “Exton remaster” of the same original system can run on the same computer. I never change a Linux system for the worse in terms of auto configuration and hardware detection, etc. It happens that I replace the original kernel, but always to a “better” one with even more native support for various hardware etc. (Which I have done in this case).
One big difference in ExTiX though: There is a password for root (and you can log in as root to KDE). After installation to hard drive ExTiX otherwise will behave exactly as any other Ubuntu system. You can even remove root’s password (if you want). Command (as root): passwd root -l. Or change it with passwd root.
Installation to hard drive
Note that you in advance (just in case) should create a partition of at least 8 GB for ExTiX and a SWAP space double the size of your computer’s RAM. I.e. if you have RAM of 1024 MB or less. If you have RAM of 2 GB or more it’s enough with a SWAP space of 2 GB. The installation program in ExTiX is otherwise “intuitive”. To start it just click on the desktop icon “Install ExTiX 15.1.1“. Choose manual partitioning and select the partition you created in advance for installation. Note re. languages: The install language you choose during the installation will be your “locale” when the installation is ready. Almost all programs will have menus etc. in you chosen language. NOTE: If you want to add repositories with a command (for example: sudo apt-add-repository ppa:kubuntu-ppa/backports) you’ll have change the first line in /etc/lsb-release to “DISTRIB_ID=Ubuntu“.
Read my instruction.
Change of locale/language
After a hard drive installation you can (of course) change the default language (English) settings. (If you missed to do that during the installation). Log in as root and go to System Settings >> Locale Support and install necessary language packages. Apply your settings System-Wide.
Create new users via System Settings
Go to Applications >> System Tools >> System Settings >> User Accounts. Click Unlock and give the root password. Add a new user with the plus sign. This is something you can to do after a hard drive install. You can alternatively create a new user with the command adduser MyUser (as root). NOTE: In present versions of ExTiX (150221 and 150205) a new user (your user) is created as intended during the installation process.
Changing the root password
If you install ExTiX to hard drive you should immediately (for security reasons) manually change root’s password. This is because the installation program does not ask about a new root password. (Ubuntu original uses no root password). The root password is changed by running the command sudo passwd root. After installing ExTiX to hard drive, you can alternatively remove the root password altogether. This is done with the command sudo passwd root -l.
The ISO file (extix-64bit-kde-isoh-persistent-1410mb-150221.iso) can be downloaded from the Swedish Linux Society’s server.
ExTiX can also be downloaded from SourceForge.net – Fast, secure and free downloads from the largest Open Source applications and software directory.
A third download location for ExTiX is Softpedia.com – the encyclopedia of free software downloads!
md5sum for ExTiX 15.1.1 KDE ISO which is of 1410 MB.
How do I run ExTiX?
In order to start from the DVD disc, first adjust the boot list in the BIOS Setup of your computer to boot from CD/DVD (before the hard drive). Put the DVD in and restart the computer. This Boot screen/menu will show after a reboot. Choose Boot alternative 1 (live), Boot alternative 2 (Persistent) or Boot alternative 3 (Copy to RAM). When the system has booted up you can remove the disc (DVD) or USB stick. (If you choose Boot alternative 3). You’ll need at least 2 GB RAM to run ExTiX from RAM. You will run ExTiX as the ordinary user extix or as root. Root’s password is root. There is no password for Live Session User extix. ExTiX can also be installed to hard drive. The program is very easy to use. Be sure to have one install partition of about 8 GB ready in advance though. You can first test to run ExTiX live (from DVD or USB) and then start Ubiquity from the menu (Install ExTiX 15.1.1). Or run sudo ubiquity in order to start the installation. I.e. when logged in as the ordinary user extix.
Normally, just start NetworkManager and do your settings. It pops up a box that alerts you that there is a Wireless network to join. Or click on the small Network icon in the panel down to the right. Just insert your WAP/WEP password and connect! You can check which Wireless interface is correct by running the command iwconfig. Maybe your Ethernet interface is eth1 or eth2 (instead of eth0). Then change in NetworkManager’s Preferences and press Refresh!
How do I install and remove programs?
ExTiX/Ubuntu/Debian uses Apt/Software Center. The most important commands are apt-get update, apt-get upgrade and apt-get install program-name. You can read about package management with Apt HERE. Apt works extremely well. You can also install programs in ExTiX from source using the commands 1) ./configure –prefix=/usr 2) make 3) make install.